Japanese Terminology

Techniques

BLOCKS

Jodan uke  -  upper rising block

Gedan barai  -  downward sweeping block

Kakiwake uke  -  wedge block

Nagashi uke  -  sweeping open handed block

Shuto uke  -  knife hand block

Sukue uke  -  scooping block

Soto uke  - outer block

Uchi uke  -  inner block


PUNCHS

Gyakuzuki  -  reverse punch

Ippon ken  -  one knuckle punch

Kagi zuki  -  hook punch

Nagashi zuki  -  avoiding snap punch

Junzuki  -  front punch

Tate zuki  -  vertical fist punch

Tobikomizuki  -  front snap punch

Kette Junzuki – kick & front punch

Kette Gyakuzuki – kick & reverse punch


KICKS

Maegeri  -  front kick

Mawashigeri  -  round house kick

Hizageri  -  knee kick

Yokogeri  -  side kick

Yokogeri keage  -  side thrust kick

Fumikomi  -  stamping kick

Ushirogeri  -  back kick

Mikazukegeri  -  cresent kick

 

 

STANCES

Shikodachi  -  horse stance

Kibadachi  -  straddle stance

Zenkutsudachi  -  front punch stance

Nekoashidachi  -  cat stance

Musubidachi  -  heels together toes apart

Yoidachi  -  ready stance

 

STRIKE’S

Uraken  -  back fist

Tettsui  -  bottom fist

Haito  -  ridge hand

Shuto  -  knife hand

Nihon nukite  -  two finger spear hand

Ippon nukite  -  one finger spear hand

Nukite  -  spear hand

Teisho  -  palm heel

Koko  -  tiger mouth hand

Empi  -  elbow

 

LEVEL’S

Gedan  -  lower level

Chudan  -  middle level

Jodan  -  upper level

Vocabulary

Words
Arashi foot or leg
Atemi hit or strike
Bo 6ft staff
Bu Social Class
Chu Middle
Chuden Middle posture
Daito Long swaord - sharp
Dan Grade (refers to Black Belt)
De Advance Forward
Do Path or Way
Dojo Practice Hall
Ge Below
Gen Fist
Go Protect
Goshin Self Defence
Gyaku Reverse
Hadaka Naked
Han Half
Hane Spring up
Hara Abdomen
Harai Sweep
Haya Fast, quick
Hazushi Release
Hibara Side of the body
Hiki Pull
Hiza Knee
Hoka Outside
Jinzo Kidney
Jo 4ft Staff
Judo Gentle Way
Jujitsu Gentle Art
Kai Neck
Kaku Corner
Kama Sickle or Scythe
Kani Crab
Kappo Resuscitation
Kata Form or style
Kata Shoulder
Katana Long Sword
Keri Kick
Ki Spirit or Breath
Kiai Spirited Shout
Koshi Hip, waist or loin
Kote Wrist
Kotsu Bone
Kubi Neck
Kuruma Wheel
Kyo Chest or armpit

 

Numbers

Ray  -  zero

Ichi  -  one

Ni  -  two

San  -  three

Yon  -  four

Go  -  five

Roku  -  six

Shichi  -  seven

Hachi  -  eight

Ku  -  nine

Ju  -  ten

Ju ichi  -  eleven

Ni ju  -  twenty

San ju  -  thirty

Yon ju  -  fourty

Go ju  -  fifty

Roku ju  -  sixty

Nana ju  -  seventy

Hachi ju  -  eighty

Kyoo ju  -  ninety

Hyaku  -  one hundred

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